Markets

Akeem ReachnaijaJuly 1, 2019
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6min700

The nation’s power grid recorded its eighth total collapse this year on Sunday, plunging consumers across the country into blackout for some hours.

The government-owned Transmission Company of Nigeria, which manages the grid, blamed electricity distribution companies for the system failure, which it said occurred at 9.10 am.

Total generation stood at 3,825 megawatts as of 6.00 am on Sunday, compared to 3,260.9MW on Saturday, the data obtained from the Nigeria Electricity System Operator, an arm of the TCN, showed.

The grid suffered four total collapses in January and one each in February, April and May, according to the system operator.

Enugu Electricity Distribution Plc had announced on its Twitter handle on Sunday afternoon that “the present loss of supply in the entire South-East is as a result of a system collapse which occurred at 09.21 am of today, 30th June, 2019.”

“This is as a result of a fire outbreak on Benin 330KV transmission line reactor. As a result of this unfortunate development, there is zero supply to all customers in our franchise areas as all our injection substations are affected,” it added.

Another Disco, Kaduna Electricity Distribution Plc, also informed its customers about the system failure from the national grid.

“We are currently experiencing a system collapse from the national grid, hence the power outage in our franchise states. Normal supply to our customers will resume as soon as the national grid is back up and stable,” it said on Twitter.

The TCN, in a statement made available to our correspondent around 6.28 pm, said the national grid experienced a system collapse today at 9.10 am due to high voltage following a massive drop of load by the electricity distribution companies.

It said the high voltage also caused a fire incident in the 75MX reactor in the Benin Substation, Sapele Road in Benin City, Edo State.

“The massive load drop led to high voltage in the system, which shattered the lightning arrester in close proximity to the 75MX reactor in Benin Substation. The shattered lightning arrester porcelain hit the reactor bushing, causing a further explosion on the reactor and resulting in a fire outbreak.”

The TCN said the restoration of the grid commenced immediately and as of 1.30pm, bulk power supply to most parts of the nation had been restored.

The company said it had commenced the movement of another reactor to Benin City to replace the burnt reactor and ensure voltage stability in the city as well as prevent a re-occurrence.

It said, “Management would also ensure a review of the entire protection and earthing system nationwide. This is done in addition to the overall upgrading of the system through the TREP programme being financed by multi-lateral donors.

“The installation of three reactors on the Ikot-Ekpene-Ugwuaji–Jos line has reached an advance stage. It is expected that once these three reactors are installed and inaugurated, the grid would be further stabilised. TCN management wishes to assure Nigerians that it is doing everything possible to modernise, upgrade and stabilise the national grid.”

Meanwhile, the TCN has said it may expel some Discos from the market as a result of their inability to provide their security cover.

Last week, the Market Operator, an arm of the TCN, ordered the suspension of Enugu Electricity Distribution Company, Ikeja Electricity Distribution Company and Eko Electricity Distribution Company from the MO-administered markets for failing to renew their security cover.

According to the TCN, security cover when so required of an amount established by Market Operator to serve as a form of guarantee of payment for all amounts due from the participant to the MO.

The Managing Director, TCN, Mr Usman Mohammed, in a telephone interview with our correspondent on Sunday, said Enugu Disco was given a disconnection notice while Ikeja and Eko Discos only got a notice of suspension from the market.

He said if they don’t make good within a certain period of time, the next thing that will happen is that they will be expelled, and when they are expelled, it means that the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission will be notified that those people are incapable of meeting their responsibilities in the market, so NERC should invoke its business continuity regulation to ensure that they are replaced.

“We did not disconnect Eko and Ikeja Discos because the gravity of their offence did not warrant that. But in Enugu, we disconnected some lines. When they (Enugu Disco) make good, they will be restored to the market. But if they don’t, they will go to the next level, which is expulsion.”


Akeem ReachnaijaJune 29, 2019
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2min390

In continuation of its intervention in the inter-bank foreign exchange market, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on Friday, June 28, 2019, injected the sum of $242.04million into the retail Secondary Market Intervention Sales (SMIS) and CNY 32.3million in the spot and short tenored forwards segment of the inter-bank foreign market.

The Bank’s Director, Corporate Communications Department, Isaac Okorafor disclosed that the intervention was for requests in the agricultural and raw materials sectors, adding that the Chinese Yuan, on the other hand, was for Renminbi-denominated Letters of Credit.

Mr. Okorafor further expressed satisfaction over the stability of the foreign exchange which according to him, was largely due to sustained intervention by the Bank. He assured that the apex Bank Management would remain committed to ensuring that all the sectors of the forex market continue to enjoy access to the needed foreign exchange.

He reiterated that with improved inflow of foreign exchange, the exchange rate had remained stable around N360/$1 for the past 27 months.

It will be recalled that the Bank on Tuesday, June 25, 2019, offered authorized dealers in the wholesale segment of the market the sum of $100million, while the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and the invisibles segments each received the sum of $55 million.

Meanwhile, $1 exchanged for N361 at the Bureau de Change (BDC) segment of the foreign exchange market, while CNY1 exchanged at N55 on Friday, June 28, 2019.


Akeem ReachnaijaJune 23, 2019
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1min740

The Lagos State Branch of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria, PSN, has told Nigerians to expect a 100% increase in drug prices.

PSN chairman in Lagos Mrs Bolanle Adeniran, who spoke at an event organized by the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industries on Thursday, stated that Nigerians should expect a 100% increase in drug prices in about six months from now if the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control does not reverse the 350 per cent levy it imposed on drug and product registration in the country.

Punch reported that she said that NAFDAC also needed to eliminate the delay associated with registration of drugs and related products, adding that the registration could take over two years in bizarre instances.


Akeem ReachnaijaJune 18, 2019
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5min310

Increases were recorded in all COICOP divisions that yielded the Headline index.

On a month-on-month basis, the Headline index increased by 1.11 percent in May 2019. This is 0.17 percent rate higher than the rate recorded in April 2019 (0.94 percent).

The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the twelve months period ending May 2019, over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 11.30 percent, 0.01 percent points from 11.31 percent recorded in April 2019.

The urban inflation rate increased by 11.76 percent (year-on-year) in May 2019 from 11.70 percent recorded in April 2019, while the rural inflation rate increased by 11.07 percent in May 2019 from 11.08 percent in April 2019.

On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose by 1.15 percent in May 2019, up by 0.15 points from 1.00 percent recorded in April 2019, while the rural index also rose by 1.07 percent in May 2019, up by 0.17 from the rate recorded in April 2019 (0.90 percent).

The corresponding twelve-month year-on-year average percentage change for the urban index was 11.66 percent in May 2019. This is less than the 11.69 percent reported in April 2019, while the corresponding rural inflation rate in May 2019 is 10.99 percent compared to 11.00 percent recorded in April 2019.

Food Index

The composite food index rose by 13.79 percent in May 2019 compared to 13.70 percent in April 2019.

This rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of Meat, Oils and fats, Bread and cereals, Potatoes, yam and other tubers, Fish, Milk, cheese and egg, and Vegetables.

On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased by 1.41 percent in May 2019, up by 0.27 percent points from 1.14 percent recorded in April 2019.

The average annual rate of change of the Food sub-index for the twelve-month period ending May 2019 over the previous twelve-month average was 13.37 percent, 0.03 percent points from the average annual rate of change recorded in April 2019 (13.34 percent).

All Items Less Farm Produce

The ‘’All items less farm produce’’ or Core inflation, which excludes the prices of volatile agricultural produce stood at 9.0 percent in May 2019, down by 0.3 percent when compared with 9.3 percent recorded in April 2019.

On a month-on-month basis, the core sub-index increased by 0.75 percent in May 2019. This was up by 0.05 percent when compared with 0.70 percent recorded in April 2019.

The highest increases were recorded in prices of Domestic and household services, Tobacco, Actual and imputed rentals for housing, Medical, Dental and Hospital services, Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing, Repair and hire of footwear and Repair of household appliance.

The average 12-month annual rate of change of the index was 9.77 percent for the twelve-month period ending May 2019; this is 0.14 percent points lower than 9.91 percent recorded in April 2019.

State Profiles

In analysing price movements under this section, note that the CPI is weighted by consumption expenditure patterns which differ across states. Accordingly, the weight assigned to a particular food or non-food item may differ from state to state making interstate comparisons of consumption basket inadvisable and potentially misleading.

All Items Inflation

In May 2019, all items inflation on year on year basis was highest in Kebbi (15.76%), Bauchi (14.97%) and Kaduna (13.74%), while Abia (9.91%), Cross River (9.68%) and Kwara (8.45%) recorded the slowest rise in headline Year on Year inflation.

On month on month basis however, May 2019 all items inflation was highest in Bauchi (1.76%), Gombe (1.69%) and Niger (1.65%), while Kogi (0.59%), Benue (0.48%) recorded the slowest rise  with Kwara recording food price deflation or negative inflation (general decrease in the general price level of goods and services or a negative inflation rate).

Food Inflation

In May 2019, food inflation on a year on year basis was highest in Kaduna (17.10%), Kebbi (18.90%) and Gombe (16.90%), while Kogi (11.80%), Rivers (11.70%) and Abia (10.90%) recorded the slowest rise.

On month on month basis however, May 2019 food inflation was highest in Kano (2.39%), Gombe (2.33%) and Kaduna (2.27%), while Kogi (0.68) and Benue (0.24%) recorded the slowest rise with Kwara recording food price deflation or negative inflation (general decrease in the general price level of goods and services or a negative inflation rate).


Akeem ReachnaijaJune 13, 2019
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2min720

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) may soon allow the naira to freely find its value, with a possible depreciation on the official rate, usually pegged at about N305/$, an update on its website has indicated.
The development is signaling an end to the most criticised foreign exchange rate window, which has been used mostly for government’s critical businesses that affect the public, particularly the importation of petroleum products.

If the move sees light of day, it will mean that the value of the naira at the official window is depreciated with its concomitant closure of the peg.

Yesterday, the apex bank, as opposed to the usual publication of the fixed exchange rate, opted to publish that “the rate will be market-determined.”

According to a report, the President of Shippers Association of Lagos State, Jonathan Nicol, said the Nigeria Customs Service had allegedly directed importers to pay for duties at the rate of N326 per dollar against the official rate of N306, citing an order from the CBN.

Also yesterday, the interbank rate depreciated by 0.2 per cent to N360.43 per dollar at the close of trading, while the parallel market remained steady at N360 per dollar.

A move toward a market-determined exchange rate would be welcomed by investors, who have long accused government of some level of capital controls and bemoaned multiple exchange rates.

The Chief Executive Officer of Nigerian Investment Promotion Council, Yewande Sadiku, was quoted as saying the apex bank was in talks with other agencies to move to a single rate for the nation’s currency.

For an economic analyst at Ecobank, Kunle Ezun, “putting that on the website means the central bank is gradually moving towards a single exchange-rate window. It is making the exchange rate more liquid to attract more inflows.”


Akeem ReachnaijaMay 21, 2019
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7min650

The attention of The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE or The Exchange) has been drawn to a few critical issues raised in various print and social media platforms regarding the listing of MTN Nigeria Communications Plc (MTN Nigeria) on the Premium Board of the Exchange. As an Exchange that is committed to operating a fair, orderly and transparent market, we deem it important to clarify these issues.

Paucity of MTN Shares on the Floor

MTN Nigeria Listed by Introduction. Where a company lists following an Initial Public Offering, shares are expected to be available for trading on the day of listing. In a Listing by Introduction, however, no shares have been offered for subscription by the company prior to listing. Thus, without any intervention, it is possible that there will be no shares available for trading on the listing date. Indeed, currently, no rule of The Exchange compels shareholders in a listed company to tender their shares for trading. Shareholders are at liberty to trade their shares at any time and price suitable to them. Thus, in order to stimulate trading in the shares of companies that List by Introduction, the NSE’s practice is to urge the company to make shares available on the day of listing. In the case of MTN Nigeria, the NSE used and will continue to use moral suasion to get MTN Nigeria to make available shares daily, pending its Initial Public Offer.

Since the listing of MTN Nigeria on Thursday, May 16, 2019, a total of 105,301,759 shares valued at N12,231,997,316 have traded in three days. These trades were carried out by ten (10) dealing member firms in 134 cross deals/negotiated deals. According to the rule book of the Exchange, “When a Dealing Member or Authorized Clerk has an order to buy and an order to sell the same security at the same price, the Dealing Member or Authorized Clerk may “cross” those orders at a price at or within The Exchange best bid or offer”. A variant of this is the negotiated deal, which describes a situation where a cross-deal is executed between two dealing member firms at a price which may be within the Exchange’s best bid or offer or with the approval of the Exchange, outside the best bid or offer. Because cross deals involve clients of the same stockbroker on both sides of a trade, significant issues have been raised about the fact that stockbrokers who have not been involved in the cross deals have not been able to trade on behalf of their clients. The Exchange is not unconcerned about this state of affairs.

As an Exchange that champions transparency and equity for all stakeholders in our market, we have received stakeholder feedback concerning our present rules on cross dealing and will consider the issues raised as part of our sustained efforts to ensure our market remains equitable for all stakeholders.

MTN Nigeria’s Free-Float Valuation

There appears to be a misconception that a concession was given to MTN Nigeria on the minimum free float required for companies listed on The Exchange. According to the Rules Governing Free Float Requirements for Issuers Listed on The Nigerian Stock Exchange, free float is defined as the number of shares that an Issuer has outstanding and available to be traded on The Exchange. It includes all shares held by the investing public, and excludes shares held directly or indirectly by promoters, directors and their close relatives; strategic investors holding five per cent (5%) and above of the issued share capital; or government.

The Exchange’s rules for listing on the Premium Board (which is the board in which MTN Nigeria is listed) require a Company to have a minimum free float of twenty per cent of its issued share capital or that the value of its free float is equal to or above N40 billion on the date the Exchange receives the Issuer’s application to list. MTN Nigeria met with the free float requirement of N40 billion. The free float of MTN at the time of listing was in excess of N160 billion.

Investor protection is very important to us at the NSE and we have taken necessary steps to ensure that our market is fair and orderly. In 2016, we acquired NASDAQ’s SMARTS platform to proactively detect and deter manipulative tendencies, gather intelligence and execute risk-based supervision of flagged participants. We have also implemented other initiatives aimed at providing investors with timely information on the compliance status of our dealing members and issuers including BrokerTrax, our member compliance report, and Compliance Status Indicator (CSI) codes (for issuers). In addition, we have institutionalized our investor education program and launched X-Academy in June 2017, because we have identified investor education as a veritable tool to galvanizing informed investments and necessary step towards protecting investors in our market.

Whilst we believe we have addressed the concerns raised, we will like to assure our stakeholders and the general public that The Exchange will continue to uphold global best practices in its business operations and will sustain engagement with its stakeholders to continually develop regulatory frameworks that ensure our market completely reflects our values of ambition, fairness and inclusion.​


Akeem ReachnaijaMay 17, 2019
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2min650

The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) opens the week tradings’ on a  bearish note. The All Share-Index (ASI) declined by 1.26% to close at 28,484.44 basis points. Year-to-Date the ASI was down by 9.37%.

The equity market capitalization closed at N10.701 trillion in contrast to N10.842 trillion recorded last week Friday. The market breadth closed with 11 gainers and 30 losers. Okomu Oil led the gainers’ chart while NEM Insurance Plc led the top losers’ chart.

United Capital Plc was the most traded stock by volume. The stock sold 41.2 million units of its shares valued at N289.1 million. Guaranty Trust Bank was the most traded stock by volume. The company sold 37.9 million shares valued at N1.1 billion.

UBA sold 15.9 million units worth N96.8 million. Sterling Bank transacted 13 million units valued at N34.4 million. Transnational corporations of Nigeria ranked in 12.2 million units valued at N14.2 million.

Okomu Oil Palm Company Plc was the best-performed stock for the day. The stock appreciated by 10% to close at N77. Neimeth International Pharmaceuticals plc also appreciated by 10% to close at 55 Kobo.

AG Leventis Nigeria Plc was up by 8.33% to close at 26 Kobo. Africa Prudential Plc appreciated by 7.91% to close at N3.82. Japaul Oil completes the top five gainers for the day. The stock increased by 7.69% to close at 28 Kobo.

NEM Insurance Plc was the worst performed stock for the day. The stock shed 10% to close at N2.25. Chams Plc also depreciated by 10% to close at 36 Kobo. United Capital Plc was down by 9.37% to close at N2.32.

Goldlink Insurance Plc declined by 8.70% to close at 21 Kobo. Jaiz Bank Plc rounds up the top five losers chart. The stock went down by 8% to close at 46 Kobo.


Akeem ReachnaijaMay 17, 2019
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2min570

Cement Company of Northern Nigeria (CCNN) has announced its first quarter 2019 unaudited financial results for the period ended 31st March 2019.

The company grew its revenue from N5.39 to N16.89 billion. Year-on-Year this shows a performance growth of 213.36% for the period ended. The company’s cost of sales surged from N3.1 billion to N9.1 billion.

Business Hour Nigeria reports that CCNN gross profit appreciated from N2.2 billion to N7.6 billion. This shows Year-on-Year gross profit growth of 245.5%. Whilst the company’s other income grew from N116.8 million to N2.1 billion.

The company grew its Profit Before Tax (PBT) from N1.5 billion to N5.3 billion. This shows PBT growth of  253.3% on Year-on-Year performance basis. Cement Company of Northern Nigeria reported Profit After Tax (PAT) of N3.6 for the period ended. The company grew its PAT from N1.1 billion in Q1 2018 to N3.6 billion in Q1 2019. Year-on-Year the company’s PAT was up by 227.3%.

However, the company’s Earnings Per Share (EPS) declined by 58 Kobo per share. The company’s Earnings Per Share declined from 86 Kobo to 28 Kobo. Year-on-Year CCNN EPS was down by 67.4%.

The selling and distribution expenses soared from N245.87 million to N1 billion. Whilst its administrative expenses increased from N597.65 million to N1.29 billion.


Akeem ReachnaijaApril 24, 2019
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1min840

Cocoa Association of Nigeria (CAN) has called for the need to include pure cocoa drink into the school feeding programme of the Federal Government.

The newly elected Ondo state chairman of the Association, Dr Akinola Adeboye made the call in his acceptance speech after the election of the association in Akure, Ondo state.

Adeboye described cocoa drink as containing the best nutrient calling on Nigerians to take interest in its consumption which he said should be consumed from what is produced.

The chairman who was sworn in by the National President of the Association represented by Evangelist Joshua Oyedele vowed to change the regrettable position the association finds itself stressing that the state produces lesser than what it produces before.

Adeboye, who is a retired director of produce promised to affect value chains of the produce through international partners

Other elected Officers include Mr.Olofinshawe Isaiah as Vice -Chairman, IBITOYE Ezekiel, Secretary and Olufemi Falayi as Treasurer among others.

The election was conducted in a bid to reclaim the lost glory as the best producer of Cocoa in Nigeria.


Akeem ReachnaijaApril 10, 2019
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1min600

The naira yesterday appreciated to N360.55 per dollar in the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window even as the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) injected N210 million into the inter-bank foreign exchange market.

Figures obtained from the CBN yesterday showed that authorized dealers in the wholesale segment of the market received $100 million, while the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) segment and customers requiring foreign exchange for invisibles were allocated $55 million each.

A statement by the apex bank’s spokesman, Mr. Isaac Okorafor reiterated the CBN’s commitment to continue to boost interbank foreign exchange market to ensure liquidity and stability in the market. Data from FMDQ showed that the indicative exchange rate for the I&E window dropped to N360.55 per dollar from N360.68 per dollar on Monday, translating to 13 kobo appreciation for the naira.

The volume of dollars (turnover) traded yesterday dropped by 50 percent to $132.88 million from $88.79million sold on Monday. The naira, however, was stable at N358.7 in the parallel market.