Health

Akeem ReachnaijaSeptember 21, 2018
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2min00
The Akwa Ibom State Governor, Mr. Udom Emmanuel will tomorrow Friday, September 20, 2018 commission the revamped Ituk Mbang hospital at 12noon.

This is in pursuance of his avowed commitment to inject a new lease of life into the secondary Health system in Akwa Ibom State.

Recall that in just 3years on the saddle, Mr. Udom Emmanuel has turned around the fortunes of over 7 secondary healthcare facilities including Etinan and Ikono General Hospitals.


Akeem ReachnaijaSeptember 16, 2018
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3min00

Almost one million people suffer from heart attack year and only about 8% of those people actually survive it. The main reason the death toll is so high is mostly because of delay in response of medical services and ambulance which takes long time to respond due to traffic or bad road etc. In Africa the ambulance can even take more than 5 hours to arrive it’s destination or may not even arrive at all. Most time, they have to get the patients to the hospital themselves. All these problems are what made a young Dutch student to design this ambulance drone which is a robot that is capable of getting – e.g. a defibrillator – to a patient within a 12 square kilometre (4.6 square miles) radius within just one minute, increasing the chance of survival from 8% to 80% and save lives of thousands.

With this brilliant concept, everyone needing urgent medical attention (not only heart attack) will benefit from faster response times and will also increase chances of survival. As soon as the emergency line is called, the operator sends out the camera fitted flying robot (drone) which flies at lightening speed to the address of the victim.

Once it gets there, an operator like a paramedic, can watch, talk and instruct those helping the victim – or the victim themselves – by using an on-board phone and camera connected to a control room via a livestream webcam. The drone contains everything you need to take care of the emergency at the moment including an integrated defibrillator before you’re able to get to the doctor. It’s basically a flying hospital !

The name of the designer is Alec Momont, the name of his project is TU Delft (ambulance drone). According to him, his vision is to create a wide network of drones capable of saving lives and increasing survival chances from 8% to 80%. These drone which can travel with speed of up to 100KM/HR are not affected by traffic jam or bad road network. It can arrive it’s destination in just one minute. The drone has attracted the interest of emergency services in major cities like Amsterdam. Furthermore, high unemployment rates could be reduced by using skilled young gamers as drone operators.

WATCH VIDEO HERE


Akeem ReachnaijaAugust 21, 2018
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14min00

Professor Yetunde Mercy Olumide is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Lagos and a Consultant Physician Dermatologist and Venereologist. In this interview by TAYO GESINDE, she speaks on causes of skin diseases in children and how to prevent them.

What are the causes of skin diseases in babies and toddlers?

Skin diseases in babies and toddlers can be caused by several different factors: It can be due to some abnormal genes inherited from parents/ancestors, congenital abnormalities which develop for the first time in a fetus due to mutations in the baby’s gene not inherited from parents, birth marks which vary in size from just a spot or may be extensive on the skin, diseases directly passed on from mother to baby through the placenta. These are usually infections e.g. Syphilis, HIV/AIDs, Zika virus etc. Diseases caused by drugs which the mother consumed during pregnancy especially during the early developmental stages of the baby—the first four months, diseases due to environment pollutants with chemicals which the mother absorbed through the skin in pregnancy or in the diet from contaminated fish e.g mercury. Also, a few skin eruptions in the neonate that erupt within 1-2 days are not diseases as such, but are simply due to sudden change in the environment of the baby from the amniotic fluid to an unfamiliar outside environment. These types of eruptions are self-limiting; need no treatment as they simply fade away by 5-7 if not complicated by aggressive treatment. Some of these early eruptions are due to bacterial, yeast or viral infections which the baby acquired in the womb because of early rupture of the protective amniotic membrane and a prolonged labour. Some infections of babies are from bacteria harbored in the nose of health care providers who do not wear nasal masks. The truth is that babies lack immunity to infections as they have not developed the resistance that develop with age. Furthermore, the cultural practices of exposing babies to visitors who carry the babies expose these highly vulnerable babies to a broad spectrum of infections. Any baby/toddler exposed to environmental insect bites e.g mosquitoes and sand flies soon develop a rash. Diaper rash is due to the irritating effect of altered faces & urine when the diaper is not changed promptly, and of course, superimposed Candidal (yeast) infection.

Is it true that the use of body creams and oils causes skin rashes like infantile seborrhea dermatitis (ISD) (eela)?

“Eela” is a generic Yoruba word used for a broad spectrum of chronic childhood skin diseases associated with dry, scaly, white red patches such as infantile seborrheic dermatitis/eczema, atopic dermatitis/ eczema, pityriasis alba or even leprosy. None of these diseases is caused by the use of body creams. Infantile Seborrheic Dermatitis (Cradle Cap) is a greasy, scaly, red/pale white rash that can occur on the scalp, behind the ears, the neck folds, in the armpits, and the diaper area. It is commom at about 6 weeks of age and can resolve spontaneously within a few months. It is not contagious and will not scar. It is not itchy and is generally believed not to bother an infant except there is a superimposed Candidal rash (yeast infection). While several theories have been proposed, the exact cause has not been completely identified. It is not due to poor hygiene.

Pityriasis alba causes mildly scaly pale white patches particularly on the face of older children. This is only of cosmetic significance and often clears on its own. Infantile atopic eczema/dermatitis is a more serious skin rash which erupts usually around age 3-6 months with a bumpy red scaly rash on the cheeks, which progressively involves other parts of the body. This is a very distressing rash for the child because it is very itchy and may disturb the sleep of a child. It often gets secondarily infected by bacteria and even herpes virus from cold sores (fever blisters) on the lips of adults. At times occult scabies (a very itchy parasitic infestation) may be superimposed on atopic eczema. Early leprosy may present simply as 1 or 2 white patches on an older child. The patch of leprosy is not itchy and is painless. Children often acquire leprosy from adults who may not even know that they have leprosy because they do not have the visible signs of late leprosy on the fingers.

How can one prevent skin disease in children?

Neonates and toddlers cannot take care of themselves. Hence skin disease can only be prevented in children if the mothers and other caregivers at home and Day-care centres are knowledgeable as regards basic care of the children which include appropriate nutrition because skin diseases are often not just skin deep. Furthermore, the skin often reflects serious diseases of the internal organs which demand urgent consultation of a pediatrician or skin specialist. Since some infective skin diseases are transmissible from mother/caregivers to child, basic personal skin hygiene and prompt treatment of skin diseases in the mother and other care givers at home and Day-care centres should receive adequate attention. Basic health talks should be given to mothers. This could be done in the clinic waiting rooms/halls for pregnant women in ante-natal clinics, paediatricout patient clinic, skin clinics and health centres, particular those situated near market places patronised by market women. Literate women should avail themselves of the tremendous self-learning resources on the internet which could be googled. As regards direct prevention of skin diseases in children, it is important to study some of the causes already highlighted above and prevent them through appropriate antenatal care of mothers and subsequent care of the babies and toddlers.

Nigeria is a hot and humid country conducive to sweat retention and skin infections. The child should be given a good bath at least once a day preferably at bedtime so that no sweat is left on the skin overnight. Over heating should be avoided. The child should be sparingly clothed with absorbent cotton fabrics. Tight abrasive clothing made from non absorbent fabrics e.g nylon, polyester, crimplene etc should not be used for neonates and toddlers. Abrasive sponge and irritant harsh medicated soaps should not be used on babies and toddlers’ skin. Simple emollients should be used in lubricating the skin after bath. Children should not be left to crawl on dirty grounds riddled with bacteria, fungi and parasites e.g in the market place.

Is it true that the mother’s diet in pregnancy and during lactation may be responsible for skin disease in babies?

It is true that the mother’s diet in pregnancy and lactation generally influences the health of a baby positively or negatively not only on the skin. Growing babies need micronutrients which can only be acquired from the mother particularly in a fully breast fed infant. A healthy well balanced diet of the mother during pregnancy and during breastfeeding often translates into a healthy skin of the baby. Regrettably certain allergies in children are currently being linked to the diet of the mother e.g pea-nut allergy which has gained an alarming attention in the USA. More serious is mercury toxicity in babies acquired from mothers who have consumed fish and other seafood which have accumulated this chemical from contaminated soil.

Many mothers are fond of mixing different creams together to treat skin disease, is this good practice?

It is a very dangerous practice to mix different creams together to treat skin disease. The skin is not just an impervious covering of the body. The skin is capable of absorbing chemicals applied to the skin and these chemicals are absorbed into the blood stream and transmitted to distant organs of the body. This percutaneous absorption is maximally enhanced in hot and humid environment as we have in Nigeria. Because the skin of babies and toddlers have not fully developed the partially protective layer of the skin—the outermost hard keratin layer—a baby’s skin is even more vulnerable to percutaneous absorption of chemicals. All chemicals applied to the skin and even air-borne chemicals have the potential of being absorbed through the skin in varying proportion. Researchers in Nigeria have analyzed many creams commonly used in Nigeria and found that many of them contain hazardous chemicals such as lead, mercury, nickel etc. as trace elements. Lead and mercury are some of the most toxic chemicals known to man. Some of these chemicals particularly mercury accumulate in the body. Mercury accumulates in the testicles and has been known to cause low sperm count and male infertility; mercury has also been found to accumulate in the ovaries and have been known to cause abnormal fetuses and infertility. Mercury is also toxic on the kidneys and nervous system. All these complications can manifest later in life when the babies become adults.

In conclusion, it is very, very dangerous to mix assorted creams and apply on a Baby’s skin. Danger to the baby should not be seen as just a skin rash; but the skin rash should be seen as an indicator of very serious and potentially fatal complications in internal organs. A skin with a rash further amplifies percutaneous absorption of toxic chemicals.

What is the best form of treatment for skin disease?

It is not possible to state the “best treatment” for skin disease because there are hundreds of skin diseases in children and no treatment is universally applicable. For example, there are hundreds of causes of fever e.g. malaria fever, typhoid fever, yellow fever, Ebola fever, Lasser fever, Meningitis and even some cancers of the blood. The “best treatment” is to treat the specific cause of the fever. Therefore, the “best treatment” for skin disease is to make accurate diagnosis of the cause of the skin disease and treat appropriately. Most of the common skin diseases can be treated by the child’s pediatrician who knows when to refer the child to the skin specialist (dermatologist)

Regrettably, in Nigeria there is a general misconception that there is a generic treatment for all these skin diseases and that there is no need to make an accurate diagnosis of each skin disease before treatment is instituted. This pitiable state of affairs has often led to a slap-dash treatment of skin diseases by quacks, herbalists, “old wives tales” prescribed by grandmothers, over-zealous friends and relatives and even some health care providers at the primary and secondary levels. These people just erroneously believe that calamine lotion, a jar of antifungal agent and steroid creams are panacea for all skin diseases whereas steroid creams simply act as fertilizer for skin infections.


Akeem ReachnaijaAugust 4, 2018
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4min00
Women from across the globe are dying from complications of Brazilian butt lift operations, prompting an international task force of plastic surgeons to warn against the procedure.

Driven to fame by the likes of Kim Kardashian and Kylie Jenner, plastic surgeons performed 18,487 such ‘butt lifts’ in 2015.

But the procedures comes with serious risks.

For 30-year-old Lattia Baumeister, a butt lift was deadly.

She died on the operating table in Florida, leaving her six children in Illinois motherless.

She was one of least 33 people have died in the last five years in the US because fat transferred to their butts caused deadly embolisms, and a special task force is now warning surgeons that the way they learned to do the operation may be deadly.

Pictured

Lattia Baumeister (1st) died of a fat embolism after a Brazilian butt lift in June of last year.

Lidvian Zelaya (2nd), from New York, suffered the same fate after getting the lift in Florida.

In the last five years, plastic surgeons have seen a 150 percent increase in the Brazilian butt lift business.

Plastic surgery, as a field, is fairly low risk, with average mortality rates across all such procedures hovering around one in 55,000.

But some surgeries are far more dangerous than others.

Traditionally, plastic surgeons consider the tummy tuck one of the riskiest procedures they do, with about a four percent risk of major complications.

That procedure is complex and invasive, and patients are at risk for developing blood clots that travel up to the heart and can quickly turn deadly.

When plastic surgeons inject transferred fat into the muscles of the butt, there is a high risk that a glob of the fat will get into the inferior or superior gluteal veins and travel to the lungs.

For the procedure, a surgeon suctions excess fat from one part of a patient’s body and transfers it to the buttocks via injection.

‘It really requires relatively little technical finesse,’ says Dr Mark Mofid, a San Diego-based plastic surgeon.

HOW IT WORKS:

1. Liposuction to remove fat from abdomen/hips/thighs.

2. Fat is ‘processed’.

3. Fat is injected into buttocks.

HOW TO PREPARE:

*. Don’t smoke (increases infection risk and blood clot risk).

*. Don’t gain weight (when you lose it again, your butt will change).

RECOVERY:

1. Don’t work for 10 days.

2. Don’t sit for 6 weeks.

3. Sleep on stomach.

4. Final shape will take months or a year to form.

In 2017, Ranika Hall (Pictured)had a lift and died shortly after, at just 25 years old.

Heather Meadows (Pictured) died in the same building in Florida during the same operation


Akeem ReachnaijaJuly 24, 2018
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1min00

The Consul General of Nigeria in South Africa, Godwin Adama, said there are about 5,000 Nigerian Medical practitioners working in various hospitals in South Africa.
The Vice Consul, Information and Culture, Mr David Abraham, said this in a statement made available to newsmen on Monday in Abuja.

Abraham quoted the Consul General, Godwin Adama, as saying this when Nigerian Doctors’ Forum South Africa, led by its Secretary General, Dr Emeka Ugwu, visited the CG in Johannesburg.

“This shows that virtually every hospital in South Africa has a sizeable number of Nigerian doctors; and this includes teaching, public and private hospitals.

“What this means is that Nigerian doctors and other professionals are constantly adding value to the system and this cannot be over-emphasised.”

He said South Africa is replete with Nigerian professionals, who are contributing to the economic development in both public and private sectors of the the country.

“Unfortunately, this has been either not reported at all or grossly under-reported.

“It is in this light that Nigerian professionals in South Africa have determined that they will no longer sit by and allow their numerous contributions be undermined and eroded by negative publicity,” he said.


Akeem ReachnaijaJune 29, 2018
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3min00
Two days ago, Autojosh did a report to draw attention to the very unsanitary condition of Ojuelegba.

The report was retransmitted on several other online platforms, notably Nairaland.

Ojuelegba is in Surulere, Lagos. It is one of the key transport nodes of Lagos state. It interconnects the city’s mainlands with Lagos Island and Victoria Island. It also serves as a connecting point for people who commute the three surrounding districts of Yaba, Mushin and Surulere.

In the report, photos of Ojuelegba in its filthiness were made available.

The report elicited not a few reactions.

Sadly, in some of the reactions, Autojosh was accused of being biased and that the reportage was politically motivated.

All that notwithstanding, it appears that the article got the attention of the authorities.

Just this morning, activities to restore Ojuelegba to a better sanitary state began.

Clearly, it shows that when we do not cry out, government intervention will never be achieved.

Indeed, the progress of Lagos should be our priority.

Itesiwaju ipinle Eko loje wa logun.


Akeem ReachnaijaJune 29, 2018
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2min00
A Nigerian doctor identified as Valentine, has revealed how he felt working in the same hospital with his mother in the United states. The young man who works at Martin Luther King Jr. Community Hospital, Los Angeles, California – also revealed how his m,other introduced him to almost all her co-workers with pride and joy written all over her face.

He shared the rare ‘mother-son working moment’ on his Instagram page two days ago.

Below is what he wrote;

I got slammed all night at this ER last night but you wanna know what the highlight of it all was?Calling my Mom at 3am and finding out she’s working the same shift, on the 4th floor. I had to endure her introducing me to every single one of her coworkers, but the joy written all over her face seeing her son literally at the same hospital has made my night.

-Have you ever worked side by side with your Mom? Man it’s not everyday I get this opportunity. It’s definitely a special feeling. She won’t be working that much longer soon so I’ll go ahead and cherish this small moment in time while it lasts.

See more of his pictures


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2min00

Emzor Pharmaceutical Nigeria Limited has reacted to the closure of its production site by the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, NAFDAC.

According to the pharmaceutical company, NAFDAC has only temporarily sealed one of Emzor’s production sites, the liquid line. The rest of Emzor is still operating as normal.

In a statement released today by the Emzor, it said NAFDAC sealed its production site 5 days after carrying out an inspection on the site. Emzor said NAFDAC raised no issues at the time of the inspection, only for them to return later to close the site without explanation.

 

Emzor reacts to closure of production site by NAFDAC

 

Emzor Nigerian, however, said it will continue to make good quality affordable medicines for the Nigerian public and their products are still available to buy.

The statement reads:

Emzor reacts to closure of production site by NAFDAC


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2min00

The Ebola deadly virus, that raged in some West African countries several years ago has made a rerurn in the northwest part of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), killing 17 people.

Congo’s  health ministry on Tuesday described the fresh outbreak as a “public health emergency with international impact. Twenty-one cases of fever with haemorrhagic indications and 17 deaths” have been recorded in Equateur province, it said.

This is Congo’s ninth known outbreak of Ebola since 1976, when the deadly viral disease was first identified in then-Zaire by a Belgian-led team. In Geneva, the World Health Organization (WHO) said lab tests in the DRC confirmed the presence of Ebola virus in two out of five samples collected from patients.  “WHO is working closely with the government of the DRC to rapidly scale up its operations and mobilize health partners, using the model of a successful response to a similar… outbreak in 2017,” it said in a statement.

It said it had released $1 million (840,000 euros) from an emergency contingency fund, set up a coordination group and deployed more than 50 experts to work with the DRC government and health agencies. All the cases were reported from a clinic at Ilkoko Iponge, located about 30 kilometres (20 miles) from Bikoro, where treatment capacities are limited, the WHO said.

A team of experts from the WHO, Doctors without Borders (DRC) and Equateur province travelled to Bikoro on Tuesday to beef up coordination and carry out investigations, it said.

The worst-ever Ebola outbreak started in December 2013 in southern Guinea before spreading to two neighbouring west African countries, Liberia and Sierra Leone. That outbreak killed more than 11,300 people out of nearly 29,000 registered cases, according to WHO estimates, although the real figure is thought to be significantly higher.

There is no current vaccine to prevent Ebola or licensed treatment for it, although a range of experimental drugs are in development. Early care with rehydration may boost the chance of survival.